The 7-point grading scale
The grading system used in all State-regulated education as from August 2007 is the 7-point grading scale. The grading scale is compatible with the ECTS-grading scale.
|Grade||Description||ECTS||Old scale (00-13)|
|12||For an excellent performance displaying a high level of command of all aspects of the relevant material, with no or only a few minor weaknesses.||A||1311|
|10||For a very good performance displaying a high level of command of most aspects of the relevant material, with only minor weaknesses.||B||10|
|7||For a good performance displaying good command of the relevant material but also some weaknesses.||C||98|
|4||For a fair performance displaying some command of the relevant material but also some major weaknesses.||D||7|
|02||For a performance meeting only the minimum requirements for acceptance.||E||6|
|00||For a performance which does not meet the minimum requirements for acceptance.||Fx||503|
|-3||For a performance which is unacceptable in all respects.||F||00|
Apart from the 7-point grading scale, pass/fail assessment may also be used.
02 is the minimum grade for passing an exam.
The student’s performance must be assessed according to academic targets set for the specific subject or course (absolute grading method). The relative grading method must not be used.
For more information about the 7-point grading scale and conversion of grades from the grading scale of 00 to 13 (see below) see the executive orders on the grading scale:
- Ministry of Education Order on the Grading Scale and Other Forms of Assessment – Ministerial Order no. 262 of 20 March 2007, concerning primary and secondary school, short- and medium-cycle higher education etc.
- Ministry of Science Order on the Grading Scale and Other Forms of Assessment(pdf) – Ministerial Order no. 250 of 15 March 2007, concerning university education.
- Bekendtgørelse om karakterskala og anden bedømmelse – Ministry of Education institutions – Retsinformation (BEK nr 262 af 20/03/2007) (in Danish).
- Bekendtgørelse om karakterskala og anden bedømmelse ved universitetsuddannelser – Universities – Retsinformation (BEK nr 250 af 15/03/2007) (in Danish).
- Bekendtgørelse om karakterskala og anden bedømmelse ved visse uddannelsesinstitutioner under Kulturministeriet – Ministry of Culture institutions – Retsinformation (BEK nr. 818 af 01/07/2007)
The grading scale of 00 to 13
The 00-13 grading scale was used until July 2006 in all upper secondary education and will be used until July 2007 in higher education and vocational education and training. For conversion of grades to the 7-point grading scale see the Ministerial Order on the Grading Scale and Other Forms of Assessment (Ministry of Education).
|13||Given for the exceptionally independent and excellent performance (very rare)|
|11||Given for the independent and excellent performance|
|10||Given for excellent, but not particularly independent performance|
|9||Given for the good performance a little above average|
|8||Given for the average performance|
|7||Given for the mediocre performance, slightly below average|
|6||Given for the just acceptable performance|
|05||Given for the hesitant and not satisfactory performance|
|03||Given for the very hesitant, very insufficient and unsatisfactory performance|
|00||Given for the completely unacceptable performance|
The maximum mark of 13 is used very seldom and only for an extraordinary performance. The mark of 6 is the lowest pass mark for examinations where a pass mark is required. The marks awarded should reflect achievements in terms of standards set by the institution for the specific programme.
For each assessment according to the scale of 00 to 13, the performance or general proficiency is first placed within the following four groups of marks: 1) excellent (13, 11, 10); 2) average (9, 8, 7); 3) the just acceptable (6); 4) hesitant (5, 03, 00).
Apart from the scale of 00 to 13, bestået/ikke bestået (pass/fail) is used in some cases. In higher education, it is possible to use the assessment of pass/fail in tests forming part of the final examination and which cover up to one-third of the study programme.
In the Folkeskole final examinations, no specific mark is set for the level to pass. Grading takes place according to the above scale is used, except for the grade 6, which is given for “the somewhat hesitant, but more or less satisfactory performance”.
In upper secondary examinations, students must achieve an average mark of 6.0 in both course work and the final examinations to pass the leaving examinations.
In higher education, until 1971, institutions used no standard marking scheme. Individual faculties and departments used their own marking scale with explanations given on the transcripts of marks. In 1971, the scale of 00 to 13 was introduced as a standard marking scheme.
- Order on the Marking Scale and Other Forms of Assessment – concerning the scale of 00 to 13.
- Scale of 00 to 13 in German
- Scale of 00 to 13 in French
- Scale of 00 to 13 in Danish
Vocational education and training (VET)
In addition to the above-mentioned grading scales, “verbal” grades (including distinctions) are used in connection with some vocational and education training programmes.